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Case Studies

Integral scientists and engineers have applied their multidisciplinary expertise to a wide range of successful projects for business, public sector, and nonprofit organizations. To learn more about our project experience, please explore the case studies below.
Developing a Screening Environmental Assessment Framework for Fragrances

Developing a Screening Environmental Assessment Framework for Fragrances

Product Vulnerability and Business Risks of Consumer Product

Product Vulnerability and Business Risks of Consumer Product

Sunscreen Safety Requirements

Sunscreen Safety Requirements

Environmental Risk Assessment for a New Drug Application of a Novel Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient

Environmental Risk Assessment for a New Drug Application of a Novel Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient

Peer-Reviewed Scientific Rigor for Setting Occupational Exposure Standards

Peer-Reviewed Scientific Rigor for Setting Occupational Exposure Standards

Assessing Pesticide Risk Using Mesocosm Studies

Assessing Pesticide Risk Using Mesocosm Studies

Addressing concerns about the misapplication of a frog toxicity test

Addressing concerns about the misapplication of a frog toxicity test

A pre-remedial wetland depression did not have to be retained as a vernal pool in habitat mitigation plans

Collecting fish samples to provide analytical data for tracking future sediment remediation efforts

Collecting fish samples to provide analytical data for tracking future sediment remediation efforts

Scientific critique places the results of a salinity tolerance study into perspective for future evaluations

Scientific critique places the results of a salinity tolerance study into perspective for future evaluations

Using ecological risk assessment to evaluate environmental impacts of desalination effluent

Using ecological risk assessment to evaluate environmental impacts of desalination effluent

Supporting the permitting process for the water intake structure of a proposed desalination facility

Supporting the permitting process for the water intake structure of a proposed desalination facility

A baseline biological characterization of source water in support of a permit renewal for a cooling water intake structure

A baseline biological characterization of source water in support of a permit renewal for a cooling water intake structure

A fish and benthic invertebrate community survey in support of a pre-design investigation

A fish and benthic invertebrate community survey in support of a pre-design investigation

A refined ecological risk assessment yields less conservative risk estimates

A refined ecological risk assessment yields less conservative risk estimates

Strategic Remedial Investigation in a Tidal Embayment

Strategic Remedial Investigation in a Tidal Embayment

Springfield—Remedial Approach Development at a DNAPL Site

Springfield—Remedial Approach Development at a DNAPL Site

Meridian—Development of a CSM and Corrective Measures Study at a Former Wood Treatment Facility

Meridian—Development of a CSM and Corrective Measures Study at a Former Wood Treatment Facility

Navassa—Site Investigation and DNAPL Remediation at a Former Wood Treating Facility

Navassa—Site Investigation and DNAPL Remediation at a Former Wood Treating Facility

Columbus—Site Investigation and Multimedia Remediation

Columbus—Site Investigation and Multimedia Remediation

Rapidly Repairing A Mission-Critical Groundwater Treatment Control System Remotely

Rapidly Repairing A Mission-Critical Groundwater Treatment Control System Remotely

PFAS Multiphase Soil Capping Project

PFAS Multiphase Soil Capping Project

Reducing Human Health Risk in an Island Community in Puerto Rico

Reducing Human Health Risk in an Island Community in Puerto Rico

Support of Environmental Reserve Setting

Support of Environmental Reserve Setting

Riverbank Source Control Measure, Portland Harbor

Riverbank Source Control Measure, Portland Harbor

Sediment Remedial Design at a Multiparty Superfund Site

Sediment Remedial Design at a Multiparty Superfund Site

Settling Natural Resource Damage Responsibilities for Steel Mill Operations

Settling Natural Resource Damage Responsibilities for Steel Mill Operations

Complex Remedial Design in a River Estuary

Complex Remedial Design in a River Estuary

Addressing the Vapor Intrusion Pathway at Middlefield‐Ellis‐Whisman Superfund Study Area

Addressing the Vapor Intrusion Pathway at Middlefield‐Ellis‐Whisman Superfund Study Area

Developing Former Manufactured Gas Plants in New York City

Developing Former Manufactured Gas Plants in New York City

Getting a Brownfield Investigation Back On Track

Getting a Brownfield Investigation Back On Track

Efficient Soil Vapor Investigation Planning for Former Chemical Distribution Facility

Efficient Soil Vapor Investigation Planning for Former Chemical Distribution Facility

Nature-Based Solutions for the Conservancy of Southwest Florida

Nature-Based Solutions for the Conservancy of Southwest Florida

CalWave, San Diego

CalWave, San Diego

National Science Foundation

National Science Foundation

Office of Naval Research—Vandenberg Space Force Base and Los Angeles International Airport (LAX)

Office of Naval Research—Vandenberg Space Force Base and Los Angeles International Airport (LAX)

Environmental Safety Screening for Consumer Products

Environmental Safety Screening for Consumer Products

Human Health Risk Characterization of PFAS Chemicals at a Superfund Site

Human Health Risk Characterization of PFAS Chemicals at a Superfund Site

Regulatory Toxicology Evaluations for PFAS

Regulatory Toxicology Evaluations for PFAS

Conceptual Site Model for Contaminated Sediments in the St. Marys River Area of Concern

Conceptual Site Model for Contaminated Sediments in the St. Marys River Area of Concern

Aquifer Storage and Recharge for Farmland Water Use

Aquifer Storage and Recharge for Farmland Water Use

Aquifer Storage and Recharge Design for a Western City

Aquifer Storage and Recharge Design for a Western City

Optimizing Water Use Where Resources Are Scarce

Optimizing Water Use Where Resources Are Scarce

Planning for Water Management in Mines

Planning for Water Management in Mines

Human Health Evaluation of Groundwater for Non-potable Purposes

Human Health Evaluation of Groundwater for Non-potable Purposes

Rio Del Mar State Beach Living Shoreline Project – Santa Cruz, CA

Rio Del Mar State Beach Living Shoreline Project – Santa Cruz, CA

Vapor Intrusion Evaluation at a Daycare Facility in a Disadvantaged Community

Vapor Intrusion Evaluation at a Daycare Facility in a Disadvantaged Community

Miramontes Point Resort Properties

Miramontes Point Resort Properties

Resilient Coastal Adaptation Project, Ventura County, California

Resilient Coastal Adaptation Project, Ventura County, California

Automated Extraction of ProUCL Output

Automated Extraction of ProUCL Output

Captiva Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Captiva Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Sea Cliff Failure and Coastal Landslides

Sea Cliff Failure and Coastal Landslides

Post-Hurricane Coastal Recovery, Fire Island, NY

Post-Hurricane Coastal Recovery, Fire Island, NY

Valuing Groundwater with Uncertain Surface Water Supply

Valuing Groundwater with Uncertain Surface Water Supply

Realizing Value from Non-producing Land Assets

Realizing Value from Non-producing Land Assets

Portfolio Analysis of Remedial and NRD Liabilities

Portfolio Analysis of Remedial and NRD Liabilities

Expert Testimony on Groundwater Damages at a Superfund Site

Expert Testimony on Groundwater Damages at a Superfund Site

OPTICS Study on Mercury Releases to South River

OPTICS Study on Mercury Releases to South River

Florida v. Georgia, Supreme Court No. 142

Florida v. Georgia, Supreme Court No. 142

Acoustics Characterizing Noise Associated with Marine Energy

Acoustics Characterizing Noise Associated with Marine Energy

Expert Witness Testimony and Litigation Support for an Active Wood Processing Facility

Expert Witness Testimony and Litigation Support for an Active Wood Processing Facility

Oral Reference Dose for Perfluorohexanoic Acid

Oral Reference Dose for Perfluorohexanoic Acid

Residual Ecological Risk Assessment to Support Landfill Feasibility Study

Residual Ecological Risk Assessment to Support Landfill Feasibility Study

Decommissioning Oil Platforms—An Ecosystems Services Approach

Decommissioning Oil Platforms—An Ecosystems Services Approach

Blackwell Zinc Site – Groundwater Remediation

Blackwell Zinc Site – Groundwater Remediation

Alaska LNG Sediment Modeling

Alaska LNG Sediment Modeling

Groundwater Flow and Transport Model of Pentachlorophenol Plume Attenuation: Oregon

Groundwater Flow and Transport Model of Pentachlorophenol Plume Attenuation: Oregon

Douglas Harbor Dredging: Alaska

Douglas Harbor Dredging: Alaska

PFAS Detected in Drinking Water Supply

PFAS Detected in Drinking Water Supply

Development of Regulatory Toxicity Criteria for Lindane and Isomers

Development of Regulatory Toxicity Criteria for Lindane and Isomers

Risk Assessment for PCBs in Soils at a Ranch

Risk Assessment for PCBs in Soils at a Ranch

Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study at San Jacinto River Waste Pits Superfund Site: Texas

Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study at San Jacinto River Waste Pits Superfund Site: Texas

Former DDT Manufacturing Facility Site Investigation: Oregon

Former DDT Manufacturing Facility Site Investigation: Oregon

Waves Anywhere: Real-Time Wave Modeling at Integral

Waves Anywhere: Real-Time Wave Modeling at Integral

Ecosystem Impacts for Matilija Dam: California

Ecosystem Impacts for Matilija Dam: California

Former Industrial Laundry PCE Contamination Lawsuit: Washington

Former Industrial Laundry PCE Contamination Lawsuit: Washington

Source Identification, Chemical Fingerprinting, and Expert Testimony: Washington

Source Identification, Chemical Fingerprinting, and Expert Testimony: Washington

Deepwater Horizon—Information Management for NRDA: Louisiana

Deepwater Horizon—Information Management for NRDA: Louisiana

Strategic Environmental and Litigation Support Services, Expert Witness Testimony: Rhode Island

Strategic Environmental and Litigation Support Services, Expert Witness Testimony: Rhode Island

Arctic Coastal Erosion, Coastal Hazards Evaluation: Alaska

Arctic Coastal Erosion, Coastal Hazards Evaluation: Alaska

Toxicology, Fate and Transport, and Regulatory Guidance, Perfluoroalkyl Chemicals

Toxicology, Fate and Transport, and Regulatory Guidance, Perfluoroalkyl Chemicals

In Situ Groundwater Remediation: California

In Situ Groundwater Remediation: California

Stormwater Source Control: Willamette River, Oregon

Stormwater Source Control: Willamette River, Oregon

Berry’s Creek Study Area RI/FS: New Jersey

Berry’s Creek Study Area RI/FS: New Jersey

Risk Assessment/Vectors Management Plan for West Nile Virus: New York

Risk Assessment/Vectors Management Plan for West Nile Virus: New York

AI and Computer Vision for Environmental Monitoring: Washington

AI and Computer Vision for Environmental Monitoring: Washington

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Alaska

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Alaska

Sediment Cap Evaluation, Design and Permitting, Mission Bay Ferry Terminal Project: California

Sediment Cap Evaluation, Design and Permitting, Mission Bay Ferry Terminal Project: California

AI for Cost-Effective Environmental Monitoring and Benthic Site Assessments

AI for Cost-Effective Environmental Monitoring and Benthic Site Assessments

Groundwater Treatment for Automated Control System Upgrade: Texas

Groundwater Treatment for Automated Control System Upgrade: Texas

Lower Passaic River RI/FS: New Jersey

Lower Passaic River RI/FS: New Jersey

Risk Assessment and Remediation: Texas

Risk Assessment and Remediation: Texas

Stormwater Treatment System at a Sawmill: California

Stormwater Treatment System at a Sawmill: California

Natural Resource Damage Assessment of PFAS

Natural Resource Damage Assessment of PFAS

Proposition 65 Compliance for Sports Equipment

Proposition 65 Compliance for Sports Equipment

Cosmetics Environmental Risk Assessment

Cosmetics Environmental Risk Assessment

Commercializing a New Chemical

Commercializing a New Chemical